Welcome to Upper Denkyira East Municipal
The district is located on the North-Western part of the Central Region and bounded on the North by Ashanti Region, and West by the West by Western Region, South by Lower Denkyira-Twifo Hemang district and South East by Assin District
The Upper Denkyira East Municipal is one of the seventeen Administrative Districts of the Central Region. It lies within latitudes 5°. 30’ and 6°. 02’ north of the equator and longitudes 1° W and 2° W of the Greenwich Meridian.
It shares common boundaries with Bibiani - Anhwiaso Bekwai and Amansie West Districts on the north, Wassa Amenfi West and Wassa Amenfi East Districts on the northwest and west respectively, Twifo-Hemang-Lower Denkyira and Assin North Municipal on the south, Obuasi Municipal on the southeast and Amansie Central on the northeast.
The Upper Denkyira East Municipal covers a total land area of 1700 square kilometers, which is about 17% of total land area of the Central Region.
Physical Accessibility (Roads and Bridges)
The district has a length of 606km of feeder and highway roads/ There are about 47 feeder roads with a total length of 390km. The highway roads are made up of 216km (93km tarred and 123km untarred). Some of the tarred roads include; Dunkwa-Ayanfuri road covers 16.0km of bitumen, the Asikuma road 10km, and the Dunkwa town-road 10.0km, Dunkwa-Buabniso 4km and Ayanfuri-Diaso 10km.
There is still the need for construction of additional feeder roads to improve the internal linkages between settlements to reduce travel time and cost. For instance it takes one hour to drive between Buabin and Imbraim, over a distance of 5km because of poor access. Some of the feeder roads (e.g. Asikuma to Akwabo in the Western Region) have been rehabilitated under Cocoa Roads Rehabilitation Project.
But most of the trunk roads in the district are in a very poor state, thus making monitoring difficult especially in the rainy season. The Dunkwa Township itself is well connected by a network of roads to the major towns and villages in the district. However, some of the roads need immediate attention. Some of the feeder roads in the district are also in a very poor state.
Poor roads have further contributed to post4iarvest losses and high cost of foodstuffs in the District. The road linking the District Capital to the Regional Capital (Cape Coast) is fairly accessible especially between Dunkwa and Twifo Praso. This situation is hampering effective communication between the District and its Regional Capital.
Investment and business potentials
Total arable land is about 75,626 hectares. This represents about 44% of total land area. However, only about 30,250.4 hectares are currently being cultivated. The average farm size is two acres but there are relatively large farms, mostly cocoa and oil palm plantations, with sizes of over four acres.
The major types of crops cultivated in the Upper Denkyira District include cash crops such as cocoa and oil palm and food crops such as cassava, plantain, maize and cowpeas, which are mainly grown on mixed crop basis, normally with vegetables. Cocoa is the major cash crop and is widely grown in the forest areas.
Due to increases in producer prices, the cocoa farmer’s interest seems to have been rekindled and there is both the rehabilitation of old and establishment of new farms. This provides a prime investment opportunity.
Cashew is a relatively new crop for farmers in the district and is currently cultivated on a small scale, and mushroom cultivation and snail farming also have potential in the area, which can be exploited by private investors.
Both cash and food crop farmers are constrained by lack of credit and farm inputs such as seedlings and implements to expand and maintain their farms. Agricultural sector financiers can plug this gap, by supplying working capital and equipment through an organized credit scheme.
Studies have shown that Upper Denkyira District does not meet the district’s total demand in most staples, including maize and plantain. This is partly because about 56.3% of total crop yield is taken up by cocoa.
Thus, there is plenty of opportunity for private sector agriculturists producing staple food crops. Farming techniques used by the people are largely rudimentary. Moreover, irrigation is not commonly practised.
Thus, there is much potential in this area, especially along some of the major rivers, such as construction of small dams and pumping of water from the rivers. Post harvest management of crops is very poor in the district due to lack of modern storage facilities there. Therefore, there are major opportunities in this field of activity. Cocobod purchase cocoa, while Cashew and Spices Products Limited (CASHPRO) deals mainly in cashew and spices, along with cocoa, maize, cassava chips and gari.
The Ghana Food Distribution Corporation is supposed to purchase food crops, especially maize from farmers, but is rarely represented in the area.
Therefore, private companies can purchase such foodstuffs in the district and resell them elsewhere. Livestock and poultry production is limited in the district, which has recognised poultry farmers. However, commercial poultry production is emerging as an important activity in the area, and the District Assembly is actively encouraging it.
The district has strong potentials for fish farming and as of 1995, there were about 29 fish farms in the district. Currently the fisheries department in the district is pursuing the renovation and proper management of fish ponds and private sector participation is welcome in order to get access to capital, technical knowledge, equipment and regular supply of fingerlings.
Given the necessary backup facilities, such as land for hatcheries, additional technical men and logistical support, the fishing industry in the district could be greatly boosted.
The Upper Denkyira District falls within the forest processing zone of the Central Region. It is estimated that 57% of its total land area of 1700 square kilometres comprises forest. Total area of forest land is 98,454.15 hectares of which 1,942.50 hectares are under forest reserve. Total area under concessions (outside forest reserve) are 57,906.99 hectares, leaving 38,604 hectares not currently under concession.
Concessionaire agreements are made with various private logging companies. Since 1990, a felling cycle of 40 years has been mandatory to allow the forest to regenerate. Concessionaire agreements are administered centrally by the Concessions Unit of the Forestry Department in Accra. Permits are also granted outside concessions for such special purposes as the salvage of timber after mining or after illegal felling.
The major activity in the forestry sub-sector is logging. There are also a few small industries engaged in the processing of forestry products in the district, such as sawmills, which are booming businesses.
The district is richly endowed with mineral deposits, which are found in commercial quantities. There are already some private companies engaged in mining in the district. These include Dunkwa Consolidated Goldfields Limited, Anglogold Ashanti at Ayanfuri and BHPUTAH in Asikuma Nsueam . Quarrying consists mostly of the extraction of sand and gravel from river beds for use in the construction sub-sector.
Wood processing is the dominant manufacturing sub-sector in the district with large-scale companies such as Thomas Mois and Gallaway (TMG) and Mahogany Furniture Company engaged in it. They deal in logs, lumber and saw-milling. These companies are all doing very well, an indication that new companies setting up in the sub-sector can also be very profitable.
There are also other small scale dealers in wood products. Agro processing is also being profitably carried out in the district. Processing technology used is mainly manual and is applied to crops such as cassava and oil palm. The percentage of cassava and oil palm used by processing firms is less than 10% and between 50-70% respectively of total production.
Cassava is usually processed into gari, chips or powder. Oil palm is generally processed into palm oil and palm kernel oil is extracted from the kernel obtained at Dunkwa and its suburbs. Most of the oil palm fruits are sold to commercial companies, such as Juaben Oil Palm, whose demand is constantly rising, creating even more opportunities for the private companies.
There is a huge investment potential in the agricultural sector of the district expressed by the vast existence of uncultivated arable land.
- Availability of skilled and unskilled labour
- Favourable climatological conditions exist for large scale agricultural development.
Incentives for Prospective Investors
- The District Assembly will lead investors to acquire land and also assist in the documentation and the registration process.
- The Assembly will facilitate the extension of electricity, tlephphone and pip-borne water to the project site of potential investors.
- The Assembly will grant (1 - %) years tax holiday to prospective investors depending on the priority of the sector and the scale of investment capital.
- The district is served by the main Eastern and Western railway lines thus facilitating the transportation of machinery, raw material and finished goods.
- The Dunkwa-On-Offin township is served with excellent banking services including Barclays Bank, Social Security Bank, commercial Bank and Rural Banks.
- The existence of the Central Region Development Commission (CEDECOM) which provides business advice and other support services on behalf of entrepreneurs and investors.
Tourism plays a leading role in the socio-economic development of the country. It is the third after gold and cocoa as the major foreign exchange earner in the country. However, tourism does not constitute any key development activity in the district economy.
There are few potential tourist scenery both cultural and environmental in nature, which when developed could place the district on the tourism map of Ghana. These include the Boa Amponsem Palace built in the 1940s but with modern architectural design; the Odwira festival, and the Denkyira sacred land at Fawomanyo where it is believed the gods of Denkyira abide.
Others are the legendary Denkyira Obuasi Village where a wide stretch of plain land with rocky surface that appeared as tarred and interspersed with oasis of trees exists A picturesque water fall with a gradient of about 20 feet near Opponso, the Oppon Manse forest reserve with all kinds of tree species and the Alluvial Dredging of the Offin river.
Some infrastructural facilities also exist which when properly developed could be utilized to promote tourism in the district. The Dunkwa Club House, which was initially constructed to serve as a multipurpose hall, games Hall etc. Hotel facilities and service in the district need improvement.
Climate: The district falls within the wet-semi-equatorial zone
Temperature: Average annual temperatures are around 29oc in the hottest months and about 24 oc in the coldest months.
Rainfall: There are two rainy seasons with the annyual total between 120cm and 200cm per annum.
The wettest months are May - June, September - October
The main dry season occurs between November and February
Population: 108,144 (year 2000)
Population Growth Rate 2.9% per annum
Male, Female Ration: 49.6%, 50.4%
Population Of Major Towns In The District (2000)
Dunkwa - 26,215
Ayanfuri - 3,935
Diaso - 3,420
Kyekyewere - 2,932
Mfuom - 2,296
Asikuma - 1,610
Occupational Distribution Of Labour Force
The total projected economically active population constitutes about 44.8%.
Agricultural sector ? 66% (29, 317 out of 44,234 workers)
Industrial sub sector is categorised into:
Mining and Quarrying
Artisanal and Craftwork
Note: Among the industrial sector activities in the district, mining and wood processing are dominant
Main Economic Activities:
The main economic activities are farming, mining, commerce, informal service and wood processing
Important crops grown in the district include cocoa, cassava, plantain, oil palm, maize, citrus and pineapple.
About five (5) different minerals are deposited in the district.
Trading is an important economic activity employing a sizeable proportion of the active labour force in the district.
The district can boast of large wood processing companies like Thompson Moir? and Galloway (TMG) and international Hardwood Limited (IHL) ?dealers in logs, lumbers and saw milling.